How to Tell if Arduino is Fried?
How to Tell if Arduino is Fried?
5 (100%) 4 vote[s]

“Frying” does not imply putting the Arduino in a frying pan and turning it on. It describes a situation when the board has been electrically damaged and is no longer usable.

If you notice a burning odor coming from your Arduino, it’s time to replace it.

Through adding incorrect voltages or creating inappropriate links, people often fry Arduinos by mistake.

What actions may cause the non-working Arduino board?

1) Shorting I/O pins to the ground. The datasheet for the microcontroller states a cumulative per-pin current of 40mA. A dead short to ground will cause up to 200mA of current to pass, which is more than enough to kill a microcontroller pin with a normal internal resistance of just 25 ohms per pin.

2) Shorting I/O pins to one another. The current flow path is identical to Method #1 above, with the exception that the ground return path goes via the microcontroller.

3) Overvoltage to I/O pins. The ESD safety diode integrated into the microcontroller is forward-biased using this form of destruction. The top diode begins to conduct current when the voltage at the I/O pin exceeds the supply voltage (5V) by around 0.5V. This is fine for transferring a short-duration overvoltage case such as ESD (electrostatic discharge), so the diode isn’t supposed to be on all the time. It will actually flame out, and the pin will no longer be protected.

Overvoltage breaks the I/O pin if the internal security diode fails to launch. If the safety diode shorts out, the overvoltage is still added to the Arduino’s entire +5V supply, which is much worse. This ensures it can kill other elements as well, such as the USB controller chip.

4) Drawing more current from the output pins. The maximum current an Arduino will draw is a fixed value that can be found in the datasheet.

Let’s use the Uno board as an example. The max DC that can be produced or supplied from/to an I/O pin, according to the official Arduino website, is 40 mA. As a result, if you connect a heavy load to the board and draw more than 40mA, your board would be permanently damaged a.k.a. “fried”.

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Similarly, the overall current you will draw from all of the output pins together has a cap. The I/O pins will be damaged if you exceeded this number.

5) The wrong voltage to the Vin pin. You should use the Vin pin to power your Arduino if you don’t want to apply the barrel connector/ USB port.

The voltage regulator on the board is attached to the Vin pin, which converts every voltage up to 12 Volts to 5 Volts.

That is to say, if you supply the Vin pin with more than 12 Volts, you can fry the voltage regulator and, as a result, the Arduino board.

6) Static charges. Electrostatic charges are very damaging to electronic instruments. As a result, they’re typically kept in anti-static wrapping. Since it has an internal diode that guards against static charges, Arduino is well suited to combat electrostatic charges.

Nevertheless, if the static charges remain on the board for an extended period of time, the diode can be destroyed.

7) Reversed voltages. Applying 5 volts to the ground pin and 0 volts to the Vin/5V pin would also totally destroy the Arduino circuit. This is because you’re applying a high voltage to a pin that was engineered to operate at 0 volts.

The internal circuitry of the board would be fried, resulting in permanent harm to your Arduino board.

This seems like a stupid error, but while operating on an Arduino device when stressing out, it’s easy to make this mistake.

How to use a default Test program to check the Arduino working condition?

In the library, there is a default script named Test (or Blink). Run the software after connecting the required LEDs to the required ports.

Alternatively, you can still customize the board to your specifications and test it with your software.

Create a standard code with a simple test case for testing particular operations or functionalities, and run it with the proper output and input devices at the necessary ports.

How to check the working condition of your Arduino board with a PC?

  1. Use a USB cable to connect the board to your PC. In certain cases, the Blink software comes pre-installed on the board (unless it’s been applied by someone). As soon as you connect the board, the LED on Pin 13 will begin blinking. If this move goes smoothly, you can be certain that the board is fully functional;
  2. And if the Blink software was substituted by another (non-working) script, the power LED on the board could be glowing. There may be a concern if the LED does not switch on;
  3. Test the system manager on your computer now. (Right-click on My Computer 🡪 Manage 🡪 Device Manager to find it). If the board is on the registry, it is unquestionably in good working condition;
  4. If the Device Manager is taking too long to launch for any reason, open the Arduino IDE directly if there is a port with some number on it (assuming you have the Arduino drivers are installed);
  5. If you’re only using an Arduino and want to try it out fast, then simply connect it to a power source and check to see if the LED (pin 13) is blinking;

Other methods to check the Arduino board’s working condition:

1) Through the USB port:

  • Inspect the green power LED after connecting your Arduino to the computer through USB. If it’s running, it’s safe to assume the board hasn’t been fried;
  • Using a voltmeter, check the 5V and 3.3V pins and see if they are supplying the correct voltages. This means that the voltage regulator has not blown up if these pins are receiving the correct current;
  • To be sure, power your Arduino with the barrel connector and then verify the voltage regulator’s performance;
  • Click here if you don’t know how to verify the voltages on the board with a voltmeter;

2) The protection diode checkup:

  • Check the diode (you’ll require a multimeter with the diode check spot on the knob);
  • The probes may then be placed on either side of the diode to see how it is functioning;
  • The multimeter reading should be in the range of 0.6 to 0.7 mV;
  • If the voltmeter doesn’t display any readings, the diode isn’t running and needs to be replaced;

3) Visual diagnostics

Scan your board for indicators of burn, such as black burn spots, inflated ICs, or irregular bumps on some of the components installed in it, as another way to verify your Arduino.

When a part/IC smokes out, it either expands or turns dark. You may even look for a burning odor by smelling the board.

Things to do for preventing the fried Arduino board:

  • Before turning on the Arduino board, double-check all of your links. Check for some signs of short-circuiting;
  • Make sure your Arduino board’s power hasn’t been turned on with the wrong polarity;
  • Examine the current specifications of every load before adding it to the I/O pins. More than 40 mA must now be drawn from a single I/O pin;
  • To stop the electrostatic discharge, keep the Arduino board in a secure location, ideally in anti-static packaging;
  • Often review the DC output value on a DC adaptor before using it to power your Arduino. There can’t be more than 12 volts;
  • Please stop applying the 5V pin to supply power to the board since it is not connected to the voltage regulator and hence has a large risk of frying the Arduino device;

Final thoughts

Before using the Arduino board in your project, make sure you read the specs. Since each board’s current, voltage, and power requirements vary, it’s best to avoid guesswork and read the technical specs on the Arduino official website.

Hi! My name is Tom and I’m an author of the blog. My hobby is electronic circuits and soldering irons.

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